Breaking Barriers: Achieving Black Student Excellence Resources

Resources for Workshop on Anti-Black Racism For Educators


Ontario, Human Rights Code, R.S.O. 1990, c. H.19


Ontario, Education Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. E.2



Government of Ontario Documents

Ontario’s Anti-Black Racism Strategy

Ontario’s Equity and Inclusive Education Strategy


Equity and Inclusive Education in Ontario Schools: Guidelines for Policy Development and Implementation


Ontario’s Education Equity Action Plan


Supporting Bias-Free Progressive Discipline in Schools: A Resource Guide for School and System Leaders


UN International Decade for People of African Descent

United Nations International Decade for People of African Descent


United Nations Report of the Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent on its mission to Canada

OCDSB, The International Decade for People of African Descent, (15 May, 2018).


OCSB, Declaration in Support of the International Decade for People of African Descent (May, 2019).



Adultification of Black Girls

Rebecca Epstein, Jamilia J. Blake, Thalia Conzález, Girlhood Interrupted: The Erasure of Black Girls’ Childhood, Georgetown Law Center on Poverty and Inequality (2017).


Adrienne Green, “How Black Girls Aren’t Presumed to Be Innocent”, The Atlantic, (29 June 2017).


Monique W. Morris, Why black girls are targeted for punishment at school -- and how to change that.



Anti-Black Racism in Schools

Toronto District School Board, Black Student Achievement in TDSB: Factsheet.


James, C.E. & Turner, T. (2017). Towards Race Equity In Education: The Schooling of Black

Students in the Greater Toronto Area. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: York University.


Chelby Marie Daigle, Addressing Anti-Black Racism in Ottawa Forum Summary Report, City for All Women Initiative, (2017).


Robyn Maynard, “Canadian Education is Steeped in Anti-Black Racism”, The Walrus, (29 November 2017).


Gray, E., Bailey, R., Brady, J., Tecle, S. (2016, September). Perspectives of Black Male Students in Secondary School: Understanding the Successes and Challenges – Student Focus Group Results. Mississauga, ON: Peel District School Board.


Tana Turner, Dealing with Incidents of Racism in Ontario Public Schools, Turner Consulting Group, June 2019.


YouthREX, Doing Right Together for Black Youth: What We Learned from the Community Engagement Sessions for the Ontario Black Youth Action Plan (2017).


Natasha Henry, Anti-Black Racism in Ontario Schools: A Historical Perspective, Turner Consulting Group (May 2019).


Martha Kuwee Kumsa et. al, The Contours of Anti-Black Racism: Engaging Anti-Oppression from Embodied Spaces, (2014).


Kezia Royer-Burkett, “The Safety Epidemic Facing Black Children In Ontario Schools”, ByBlacks (13 May 2019).


Shree Paradkar, “As a Black student, he was told to dream small. He had hoped things would change for his son”, Toronto Star, (6 September, 2019).


Carl James, “The crisis of anti-Black racism in schools persists across generations”, The Conversation (26 August 2019)


Jamie Bradburn, “The story of Ontario’s last segregated Black school”, TVO, (26 February, 2018).


Byron Armstrong, “Separate But Equal - TDSB 2018”, ByBlacks (15 October, 2018).


Durham District School Board, Compendium of Action for Black Student Success, (2018-2021).




RSEKN Equity Podcast Series, Dismantling Anti-Black Racism in Schooling, ft. Phiona Lloyd-Henry & Natasha Henry, Episode 3 Chapter 1 (22 September 2019).


RSEKN Equity Podcast Series, Dismantling Anti-Black Racism in Schooling, ft. Tana Turner, Episode 3 Chapter 2 (22 September 2019).


RSEKN Equity Podcast Series, Streaming and Educational Pathways, ft. Alison Gaymes-San Vicente, Gillian Parekh, Diana Grimaldos & Annie Kidder, Episode 6 Chapter 1 (23 September 2019).



White Privilege

Robin DiAngelo, White Fragility: Why It's So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism, (2018).


White Fragility by Robin DiAngelo


Racial Equity Tools, Whiteness and White Privilege.


White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack Peggy McIntosh


Alberta Civil Liberties Research Centre, White Privilege/White-Skin Privilege.


Safe@School, Power and Privilege.



Unconscious Bias

Priest N, Slopen N, Woolford S, Philip JT, Singer D, Kauffman AD, et al. (2018) Stereotyping across intersections of race and age: Racial stereotyping among White adults working with children. PLoS ONE 13(9): e0201696.


Keith Payne, Laura Niemi, John M. Doris, “How to Think about ‘Implicit Bias’”, Scientific America (27 March, 2018).


Dee, T., & Gershenson, S. (2017). Unconscious Bias in the Classroom: Evidence and Opportunities. Mountain View, CA: Google Inc.


Aneeta Rattan, Jennifer L. Eberhardt, “The role of social meaning in inattentional blindness: When the gorillas in our midst do not go unseen” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology Volume 46, Issue 6, November 2010, Pages 1085-1088.

Resources for Inclusive Curriculum Workshop for Educators


Inclusive Education

Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain


Ontario Ministry of Education, Culturally Responsive Pedagogy: Towards Equity and Inclusivity in Ontario Schools, (November 2013).


Zaretta Hammond "Culturally Responsive Teaching" at the San Francisco Public Library


Profile of Jaqueline Woodson

Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Equity Continuum: Action for Critical Transformation in Schools and Classrooms.


Inclusive Schools Network, Culturally Responsive Instruction.


Jennifer Gunn, “Understanding Culturally Responsive Teaching”, (3 December, 2018).


OECD, Ten Steps to Equity in Education, (January, 2008).


Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Model for Inclusive Curriculum: Approaches and Dimensions, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education.


Cooperative Children’s Book Center, Multicultural Literature Resources.


Ashley DiFranza, “4 Practices to Promote Equity in the Classroom”, (24 June, 2019).


Reading while White: Working for Racial Diversity and Inclusion in Books for Children and Teens.